PRE-DIABETES AND TYPE 2 DIABETES
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes, also known as hyperglycemia, is a condition that causes blood glucose (sugar) levels in the body to rise higher than normal.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. If you have type 2 diabetes, your body does not use insulin properly. At first, your pancreas creates extra insulin to make up for it. Over time, however, it isn't able to keep up and can't make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose at normal levels. For more information, visit the American Diabetes Association website.
What is Pre-Diabetes?Pre-diabetes occurs when blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but are not yet high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. Typically, if you do not change your eating and exercise habits, you will develop type 2 diabetes.
TWO OF THE BIGGEST MYTHS
Myth: Diabetes Is Not That Serious Of A DiseaseFact: Diabetes causes more deaths each year than breast cancer and AIDS combined. Having a diagnosis of diabetes should not be taken lightly. The good news is diabetes can be largely managed with diet and exercise.
Myth: People with Diabetes Should Eat a Special Diabetic DietFact: A healthy meal plan is generally the same meal plan that should be followed by people who don’t have diabetes. The same principles apply.
5 HEALTH TIPS FOR PRE-DIABETICS, DIABETICS AND EVERYONE ELSE
- How you eat is extremely important. This means regularly scheduled meals and snacks, which keeps blood sugars more balanced and keeps hunger and fullness levels in check. Choose a balance of carbs, fats and proteins at every meal and snack. A dietitian can help you determine how much is right for you.
- Limit added sugar to no more than 25 grams per day. Research has shown that drinking sugary drinks is linked to type 2 diabetes.
- Limit your portions. Adhering to regularly scheduled meals and snacks should make limiting your portions quite a bit easier.
- Get exercise in daily. Walking just 10 minutes per session three times per day has been shown to decrease blood sugar.
- Limit processed foods and choose fresh whole foods as much as possible.